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Information Literacy: Learning and Instruction

The ACRL (2000) refers to Information literacy as a lifelong learning process (IFLA, 2006), involving the formal development of the following critical stages/skills of a person’s knowledge development:

  • Determine/define the extent of information needed
  • Access the information effectively and efficiently (strategy)
  • Evaluate information and its sources critically
  • Incorporate into one’s knowledge base
  • Use information to accomplish a specific purpose
  • Understand economic, legal, and ethical issues

The ITU library works with faculty in the following ways, to help you develop this critical skill set:

  • National Standards: Librarians and faculty, develop a curriculum that is based on a highly research and regarded national framework and set of information literacy standards and best practices recommended for higher education.
  • Learning Outcomes: The Information Literacy Value Rubric (AACU 2016) is used by faculty and librarians to make sure that Information literacy objectives are identified, mapped, taught and evaluated within course units as well as through the library, library website and other tools.
  • Teacher Training & Awareness: Training programs and workshops for faculty about how to teach information literacy skills within their course units, in their proper context, e.g. Teaching Information Literacy Workshop (June 2016) Example: see Business Information Resources Workshop
  • Learning Materials & Resources: The library develops “templates” for lessons that teach the various information literacy skills, e.g. Defining the research question.
  • Library Website: Staff-reviewed and recommended resources for information literacy (below).

Information Literacy: Recommended Resources by Skill

The following carefully reviewed resources will help you develop your information literacy skill set, from identifying and refining research tasks, to communicating the results effectively and ethically to the desired audience, in the correct format.


Each of the following skills will be increasingly required as information and data become more abundant. As well as attending advertised workshops, and completing information literacy tasks during your coursework, you should consult at least two resources in each “research” area in the following list. You should also make time to consult with the librarian about information literacy skills such as APA citation, checking for plagiarism, etc.

Recommended Resource Description
1. Understand Why Information Literacy is Important
Download PPT Slides (PDF)
Video produced by the ACRL
Video produced by Seminole State Library, 2014
London School of Economics, 2015
A humorous video by RMIT, Melbourne, 2010
Video talk about internet ethics and information quality
2. Determine Extent of Information Needed
Download PPT Slides (PDF)
Video produced by Steely Library NKY, 2014
Step-by-step approach to successful research
The Knowledge Network for Innovations in Learning and Teaching (KNILT)
3. Access Information Effectively and Efficiently
(Identify problem & break it down) University of Maryland
New Hampshire Institute of Art
New Hampshire Institute of Art
Georgia Tech Library
Willamette University Library
4. Critically Evaluate Information
University of CA, Santa Cruz
Information literacy: various skills
Detailed video by Hartness Library CCV/Vermont Tech, 2012
Video produced by Mike Slowinski, 2011 (xtranormal)
University of British Columbia
John Hopkins Sheridan Libraries
Willamette University Library
5. Communicate Findings: Citation Tools
and International Technological University (ITU)
and New Hampshire Institute of Art
Videos about note-taking, time management, etc.
Portland State University Writing Center
and Comprehensive guide to using the APA style guide
University of Antelope Valley, CA
Compares scores of personal referencing tools
Learning resources focused on information literacy
6. Understand Copyright, Plagiarism, & Ethical Use
Recommended by American Library Association
Non-profit comprehensive guide to plagiarism
and Qld University of Technology, Australia
University of Illinois
YouTube Video by Kyle Stedman
Presentation about avoiding plagiarism
Produced by Powtoon Video (by Kim Allman)
University of Antelope Valley, CA
University of Oregon Website
Everything to know about copyright & fair use